How a Recycling Baler Works

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For those of you who love to get technical and learn how things work, below is a guest post by Erich Lawson. Erich is passionate about saving the environment through effective recycling. He has written a wide array of articles on how modern equipment, such as balers, compactors and shredders, can be used by industries to reduce monthly garbage bills and increase recycling revenue. Learn more about environment savings tips at

Recycling balers are getting rave responses because of the way they help companies compact various types of recyclables including paper, plastic, aluminum, and cardboard. Once compacted, these recyclables become ridiculously easy to transport.

The cost of handling waste not only reduces considerably, but the stress of getting rid of it is eliminated as well. Reeling under the moral pressure to keep the environment green, as well as the demands from government to reduce waste generation, industries are increasingly opting for balers.

Key Functions of a Baler

Recycling BalerThe earliest use of balers was on farms where they were employed to compress hay, straw, and cotton into compacted bales that were easily transportable. Most balers are fitted with a pickup device that helps with the process of harvesting hay by feeding the harvested hay into the balers. Inside the machine, the material to be baled is pressed and cut into the desired size.

Many advances have been made to balers since they were first introduced. Now, one can find different types of balers such as square balers, round balers, and rectangular balers to suit different industrial needs. However, all balers essentially remain the same in regards to their functions, though there may be some variation in how the different types of balers work.

How Balers Work on Recyclables

Recycling balers are basically machines that are used to recycle items such as aluminum, cardboard, paper or plastic, which can be compressed to compact sizes to stack and transport them. Once they have undergone the compacting process, the items come out in blocks of different sizes and weights, depending on the baler size. Vertical balers are most preferred for recycling purposes.

Types of Balers

Vertical balers are also known as downstroke balers and are especially suitable for warehouses, industrial plants, fulfillment centers, distribution centers, retail stores, and recycling centers. They are cost effective in terms of reducing waste and disposal as they convert waste into commodities that can be shipped and sold profitably.

There are numerous specialty and hybrid models of vertical balers, but the two most common categories are:

Portable Balers: These are used in places where there aren’t too many scraps or waste. They do not take up too much space and are quite handy in compacting materials such as cardboard, plastic, clothing, cans, bottles and any other material weighing up to 140 pounds. They are useful in convenience stores, motels/hotels, restaurants, hospitals, etc.

Mill Size Balers: These balers have the capacity to produce bales to meet the most preferred dimensions and weight specifications. They leave a minimum wastage and aren’t very expensive. You can avail these balers in a series of sizes based on the space available and the requirements of your establishment.

How Recycling Balers Work

Vertical balers are very power efficient and take up very little space due to their compact design. Considering the nature of organizations where these balers are used, they are very easy to handle and operate. The operation is very simple as you just need to lift the metal cage door and throw in the waste and then press the button to start compacting. A platen will push the waste down to compact sizes. At the bottom door of the machine there are metal hooks, which are welded in to keep the bales in their compressed sizes so that they do not spring back.

Balers can be fed by hand and are best suited for relatively smaller quantities of waste. Where the throughput is larger, a horizontal baler might be more suitable.

Where Can You Use Balers?

Vertical balers are most useful in the backrooms ad stock rooms where space constraints are most prominent and quick and ease of use is most important. Another important aspect is the safety feature, which is of top priority considering the closed space they are likely to be kept in and the types of users of this equipment.

Vertical balers are most commonly found in:

•    Warehouses
•    Drugstores
•    Supermarkets
•    Manufacturing Plants
•    Recycling Operations
•    Shopping Centers
•    Distribution Centers

These establishments have a very steady amount of recyclable waste of different materials that need compacting such as cardboard, plastic PET bottles, aluminum cans, and siding. Further, the quantity of waste also varies.

Benefits of Balers to Organizations

Apart from the environmental benefits of reducing and recycling waste and leaving fewer carbon footprints, balers can also be profitable to you for:

•    Reducing waste collection costs
•    Increasing storage space
•    Saving time
•    Increasing efficiency
•    Improving working conditions

They also help collectors to pick up recyclable wastes easily and economically. Balers serve a very useful purpose when it comes to accommodating more waste in a smaller space. They are safe, easy to handle, and do not require too much maintenance or resources to operate. Recycling is very important and balers help you automate the process.

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One Response to How a Recycling Baler Works

  1. Now I would love to see one of these recycling balers at work! I bet that it would be really cool to handle removals for your street or something and pop all your junk into one of these machines and see if come out the other end! I can really imagine this being a pretty informative and educational while INTERESTING school outing!

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