Can You Recycle Styrofoam? – Yes!

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Recycle Styrofoam & Achieve Awesomeness

is styrofoam recyclable
Creative Commons License photo credit: seanmcgrath

Trying to recycle Syrofoam is a pain. Also known as expanded polystyrene (EPS), when this material is burned, it creates a toxic ash. If it’s landfilled, the stuff never breaks down. With the holiday season especially, there’s an avalanche of it surrounding our gifts and arriving at our doorsteps. Polystyrene’s blessings are also a curse- its light weight and durability make it such a great packaging material, but currently in the USA, foam packaging is being recycled at a rate of only about 10-12% each year.

What is Styrofoam?

Styrofoam is only one name for polystyrene plastic, and is a Dow Chemical Co. trademarked form of polystyrene foam insulation. Polystyrene is made from styrene, a petroleum by-product. Styrene was first commercially produced during World War II in the production of synthetic rubber. Only about 5% of a foam package is polystyrene, and the rest is air. Part of what makes food containers, for example, so difficult to recycle is that they are generally contaminated and require cleaning before they can be processed. Unfortunately, this makes recycling less cost effective. For more information visit the Polystyrene Packaging Council.

There’s also tons of great information found at if you’re looking to debunk some myths about recycling foam cups and find public drop-off locations. Check it out!

Drop Off Styrofoam for Recycling Near You

Thankfully, Alliance of Foam Packaging Recyclers is a great resource for finding out where to drop off or mail your Styrofoam. Their collection system relies on EPS manufacturers to serve as recycling locations, allowing AFPR members reprocess up to 60% of the post consumer foam collected and incorporate it directly into new packaging. Expanded polystyrene has a National Mail-Back Program if drop-off sites are not available.

TIP: Make sure your Styrofoam is clean and free of any tape, labels, film or glued-on cardboard.

American Chemistry also provides a resource to search by zip code to find a company near you that will actually buy back protective polystyrene packaging from you. Click the button that says, “Less Than Truckload Quantity” to choose your state.

Recycling Packing Peanuts

The Plastic Loose Fill Council promotes reuse of polystyrene, or packing peanuts. The Loose Fill Council provides a very easy way for you to search for a place to drop off your polystyrene loose fill packaging. You simply search by zip code for a place that will reuse your packing peanuts.

The Council’s Peanut Hotline is a national, 24-hour consumer hotline and website directory service with referrals to the nearest locations that accept packing peanuts for reuse. Call the Peanut Hotline at: 1800-828-2214. Many local businesses gladly accept peanuts free of charge for reuse, so look into Postal Annex and Mail Boxes Etc. Try and give a little to the planet this season- don’t let your Styrofoam end up in a landfill!

Recycling Around The Country


A company that recycles EPS has a drop-off site that’s open to the public. Createc is a member of the Alliance of Foam Packaging Recyclers mentioned earlier, and created an on-site closed-loop recycling program for EPS at their Indianapolis facility.

UPDATE: As of May 2011, however, Createc is no longer participating as a drop off location. Always remember to call a facility first to double check if they are still accepting drop offs.


As far as chunky Styrofoam blocks, you have to really WANT to be responsible and not just throw it in the trash. It’s about being proactive. Thankfully, there is V & G Styro Recycle to help. They are located in Renton, close to Seattle, and have local drop off centers in Washington.

They also help companies in their region with their Styrofoam recycling needs, providing waste audits and pick-up and encouraging places to not throw Styrofoam in a dumpster. Very cool! There should be more place like this throughout the whole country.


GreenFreak designs, manufactures and markets products made from recycled EPS. For example, a block of Styrofoam that has served its useful purpose of protecting electronics gets processed down to a small amount of resin in the form of pellets, which can be made into any plastic object, whether skateboards, toys or medical equipment.


A company located out of Framingham, ReFoamIt, started a pick-up service for local businesses and communities looking to recycle plastic foam. ReFoamIt sends the material to KWD Warehouse in Rhode Island where it undergoes a process that takes loose Styrofoam pieces and applies intense pressure to condense them before they are processed into small pellets. The pellets can be recycled into cool stuff like picture frames, toys, and car bumpers. In 3- 1/2 years, ReFoamIt and KWD Warehouse have recycled 1.5 million pounds of plastic foam! ReFoamIt hosts free collection days, so see if that applies to you.

Other Alternatives- Eat Your Packing Peanuts

Puffy Stuff is a supplier of 100% biodegradable packing peanuts. This reusable packaging material uses no petrochemicals- technically, it’s so environmentally safe that you can eat it. But it probably would not taste all that great. If not reused, Puffy Stuff can be hosed down in your garden as fertilizer. Pretty neat!

There’s also some places that sell other solvents for breaking down Styrofoam, such as Citrus King, made from citrus solvents.

As you can see from when you first started asking if Styrofoam can be recycled, the answer is an emphatic YES! You should stop yourself before just chucking your foam packaging in the garbage. There are options! Don’t forget to use them- Bookmark RecycleScene now.

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2 Responses to Can You Recycle Styrofoam? – Yes!

  1. […] are many advantages to recycling polystyrene. Polystyrene foam is a very efficient material to recycle. It produces little waste during […]

  2. The company “ReFoamIt” that was located in Leominster, MA is no longer in business according the their website. I am looking for another location to drop off a quantity of #6 white foam packing blocks. Does KWD Warehouse have a location in central MA? The website “HomeForFoam.Com” shows one in Carlisle, MA but I don’t know if they are really in business and allow drop-offs or not. I need help.

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